Start The establishment clause prohibits congress from mandating a state

The establishment clause prohibits congress from mandating a state

Government cannot declare any single religion to be the “true” religion; it cannot cede civil power to religious bodies; it cannot fund religious education directly or discriminate between religions in the distribution of funds.

The nation's public schools must be hospitable to students from a variety of backgrounds -- students of all faiths as well as no faith. It respects the rights and sensitivities of all students, some of whom may have religious practices that differ from the one being advanced by the policy in question.

Public schools should inculcate students with understanding and respect for diversity, as well as a spirit of tolerance, acceptance and inclusion. Supreme Court concisely summed up the difficulty with school sponsored religion: “School sponsorship of a religious message is impermissible because it sends the ancillary message to members of the audience who are nonadherents that they are outsiders, not full members of the political community, and an accompanying message to adherents that they are insiders, favored members of the political community.” ADL does not agree. In practice, this means that the public schools must never endorse -- or appear to endorse -- any religion or religious practice.

Furthermore, the student body in America's public schools is growing increasingly diverse. under the Lemon test, a school official must answer "yes" to the following three questions: If a school official cannot answer an unequivocal yes to all three of these questions, then the policy must be abandoned.

ADL deeply believes deeply in the importance of preserving and safeguarding freedom of religion in our increasingly pluralistic nation.

For more than three decades, compliance with the Establishment Clause has been examined under the test the U. Supreme Court enunciated in test" has proven largely successful in protecting the religious rights and liberties of all Americans, including religious minorities. The principle that public schools must never endorse or disapprove of religion has been established in a long line of U. Further, students must never feel coerced by pressure from their peers or from the public to adhere to any religion. Notably, the Supreme Court has held that the state (school) is constitutionally obligated to see that state-supported activity is not used for religious indoctrination.

Thus, in order for a state practice or policy, including a public school practice or policy, to pass constitutional muster 1 Santa Fe Independent School Dist. The second question a school must ask about a proposed policy or practice is whether it violates the "free exercise clause" of the First Amendment.

Consequently, we believe that government should neither promote nor be hostile to religion.: Therefore, state sponsored or organized religious activity must be kept out of the public schools.