Start Weisler coral dating

Weisler coral dating

“Now We Know Who Beat Cook to Norfolk.” Sydney Morning Herald 2 April 1997: 4. “When Captain Cook dropped anchor at Norfolk Island in 1774, nobody was home. Sketchy archaeological evidence has long pointed to either Melanesian people from nearby New Caledonia, or to Polynesians from eastern Pacific islands.

Beginning over 3,000 years ago, people began to spill out of the island chains of Indonesia, Melanesia and the Philippines into the scattered atolls and volcanic islands of the Pacific Ocean.

In the southwest Pacific, voyaging canoes reached New Zealand around 1250AD, and the remote, cool and windy archipelago of the Chatham Islands around 1300AD (New Zealand was in fact the last major land mass on the planet to be settled by humans – Iceland was settled about 800AD, and Madagascar some hundreds of years earlier.) After New Zealand, the Pacific was full, and long-range voyaging began to decline quite rapidly. “Retrievable Time: Prehistoric Colonisation of South Polynesia From the Outside In and the Inside Out.” Disputed Histories: Imagining New Zealand’s Pasts.

A few habitable Pacific islands were never found until Europeans entered the ocean – they rank as amongst the last places on earth discovered by humans. “No Meat on That Beautiful Shore: The Prehistoric Abandonment of Subtropical Polynesian Islands.” International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 11 (2000): 14-23. “In the Pacific there are two main groups of so-called mystery islands, i.e.

Some of the “mystery islands” include Necker and Nihoa Islands, northwest of Hawaii; Walpole, near New Caledonia; Pitcairn and Henderson in the eastern Pacific; Palmerston and Suwarrow in the Cook Islands; the Bonin Islands, 600 miles south of Japan; and several of the Phoenix and Line Islands in the central Pacific. “Prehistoric Settlement on Norfolk Island and its Oceanic Context.” The Prehistoric Archaeology of Norfolk Island, Southwest Pacific.

Additionally, there are some famous “mystery islands” off the Australian coast, notably Kangaroo Island near Adelaide, and the islands of Bass Strait between Tasmania and Victoria. “Faunal Collapse, Landscape Change and Settlement History in Remote Oceania.” World Archaeology 33.3 (2002): 375-390.

In some island ecosystems (such as Easter Island) there is evidence of disastrous ecological collapse. Protein supply was always a problem on smaller islands, and most larger land animals were quickly eaten to extinction.

Trade networks broke down, and interisland travel declined. “Archaeological Fieldwork on Norfolk Island.” The Prehistoric Archaeology of Norfolk Island, Southwest Pacific.

Humans had touched almost every speck in the Pacific, sailing on double-hulled canoes across trackless expanses in search of new homes.